About The 2014 GSIThis is the second edition of the Global Slavery Index (GSI). It is the first Index of its kind – providing an estimate, country by country, of the number of people living in modern slavery today. The Global Slavery Index is a tool for citizens, non-government organisations (NGOs), businesses, and public officials to understand the size of the problem, existing responses and contributing factors, so they can build sound policies that will end modern slavery.
What information is included in the Global Slavery Index?
The Global Slavery Index has quantified data across three dimensions:
- Size of the problem: What is the estimated prevalence of modern slavery country by country, and what is the absolute number by population?
- Government response: How are governments tackling modern slavery?
- Vulnerability: What factors explain or predict the prevalence of modern slavery?
About Modern SlaveryModern slavery is a hidden crime. It takes many forms, and is known by many names: slavery, forced labour, or human trafficking. All forms involve one person depriving another person of their freedom: their freedom to leave one job for another, their freedom to leave one workplace for another, their freedom to control their own body. Modern slavery involves one person possessing or controlling a person in such as a way as to significantly deprive that person of their individual liberty, with the intention of exploiting that person through their use, management, profit, transfer or disposal.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates the illicit profits of forced labour to be $US150 billion a year.1 From the Thai fisherman trawling fishmeal, to the Congolese boy mining diamonds, from the Uzbek child picking cotton, to the Indian girl stitching footballs, from the women who sew dresses, to the cocoa pod pickers, their forced labour is what we consume. Modern slavery is big business. Acknowledging the problem, and advocating against it is not philanthropy – it is our responsibility.
Nearly every country in the world has committed to eradicate modern slavery, through their national policies and agreements to international conventions. While we all have a role to play, the actions of government are paramount in addressing this problem. Only governments can ensure that victims are not treated as criminals. Only governments can adopt national action plans and allocate budgets to fund responses.