147/167Prevalence Index Rank
Ireland
8,000Estimated number of people living in modern slavery
1.67/1000Estimated proportion of population living in modern slavery
10.35/100Vulnerability to modern slavery
BBGovernment response rating
4,700,107Population
$71,405GDP (PPP)

Government Response

Milestone 1Survivors of slavery are identified and supported to exit and remain out of modern slavery
IndicatorRating
1.1.1 National campaigns provide information to members of the public on how to report and identify victims 1
Campaigns on how to identify OR report potential victims, such as promotion of a hotline, website, or text messaging details, or distributing indicators of modern slavery AND must be distributed to the public at the NATIONAL level. NOT training for government officials, NGOs, embassy staff, health, and social workers AND occurred once since 30 June 2012. NOT general awareness campaigns that do not mention hotline or indicators of trafficking. NOT information is distributed to at-risk or specific populations or geographic locations, such as migrant workers or at-risk communities - this is covered under Milestone 4, 1.2.1.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - Campaigns have been run containing information on identifying and reporting victims.
1.1.2 These campaigns are distributed systematically and at regular intervals (as distinct from one-off, isolated) 0
If yes to 1.1.1, information has been distributed annually since 30 June 2012 OR information is promoted regularly through social media AND there is evidence this online promotion has been regularly updated (at least once since 1 February 2016 - please refer to date of Facebook posts, or date of tweets, etc.). If no to 1.1.1, indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - no evidence to suggest that campaigns have been regularly or systematically redistributed on an annual basis or regularly promoted through social media.
1.1.3 There has been an increase in reported cases of modern slavery from the public 0
If yes to 1.1.1, there has been an increase in public reports of modern slavery cases in recent years AND this increase in reports is related to the campaign OR has occurred since campaign information has been distributed to the public AND this must have occurred since 30 June 2012. If no to 1.1.1, indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - Insufficient data- unclear if there has been an increase in the number of reports
2.1.1 There is a reporting mechanism, such as a hotline 1
Reporting mechanism exists whereby modern slavery crimes can be reported (either in isolation or as part of a larger phone service). This includes text messaging, an online form, or phone hotline AND this reporting mechanism must be operational between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. If there are multiple hotlines covering different populations, please rate as indicator met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - there is a toll free number provided for victims of trafficking.
2.1.2 Reporting mechanism is available for men, women, and children 1
If yes to 2.1.1, this reporting mechanism is available for men, women, and children to report cases of modern slavery OR there are separate hotlines that cover men, women, and children. NOT a single hotline exists where women or children can report, but nowhere for men to report exploitation. Please refer to the most relevant reporting mechanism identified in 2.1.1 for indicators 2.1.2 through to 2.1.5. A modern slavery/trafficking hotline would be most relevant, followed by multiple hotlines that cover all sub-populations (e.g. for women and/or children). If multiple hotlines exist covering all sub- populations, please rate as indicator met. If some populations are not covered, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - there is the blue blindfold hotline and an online reporting mechanism for all suspected victims of modern slavery
2.1.3 Reporting mechanism is free of charge to access 1
If yes to 2.1.1, this reporting mechanism is free to access. If no to 2.1.1, indicator not met. Please refer to the most relevant reporting mechanism identified in 2.1.1 for indicators 2.1.2 through to 2.1.5. Modern slavery/trafficking hotline would be most relevant, followed by those which cover trafficked sub-populations (e.g. for women and/or children). If multiple hotlines exist covering different populations and all are free of charge, please rate as indicator met. If some of the available and relevant hotlines are not free of charge, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - provided number is free to call.
2.1.4 Reporting mechanism operates 24/7 0
If yes to 2.1.1, this reporting mechanism operates 24/7. If no to 2.1.1, indicator not met. Please refer to the most relevant reporting mechanism identified in 2.1.1 for indicators 2.1.2 through to 2.1.5. Modern slavery/trafficking hotline would be most relevant, followed by those that cover trafficked sub-populations (e.g. for women and/or children). If multiple hotlines exist covering different populations and all are available 24/7, please rate as indicator met. If some hotlines are not available 24/7, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - the number is available 09.00 - 21.00 only.
2.1.5 The reporting mechanism operates in multiple languages or has capacity to provide immediate access to translators 0
If yes to 2.1.1, this reporting mechanism operates in multiple languages, or brings in translators as necessary. If no to 2.1.1, indicator not met. Please refer to the most relevant reporting mechanism identified in 2.1.1 for indicators 2.1.2 through to 2.1.5. Modern slavery/trafficking hotline would be most relevant, followed by those which cover trafficked sub-populations (e.g. for women and/or children). If multiple hotlines exist covering different populations and all are available in multiple languages, please rate as indicator met. If some hotlines are not available in multiple languages, please rate as indicator not met. Multiple languages means national language + at least one other language.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - no details found about translator services when contacting crime stoppers. Blue Blindfold website indicates that translation services are available at all stages for adult victims of trafficking, but it is unknown whether this includes the hotline.
2.2.1 Training on basic legal frameworks and victim identification has been carried out for front line “general duties” police 1
Training for front line police has taken place on basic legal frameworks surrounding modern slavery AND victim identification AND training for police has occurred once since 30 June 2012. Definition of training includes formal in-person training as part of broader curriculum on human rights or other training programs, or part of an online training program. Training can be provided by INGOs with government support (support defined as permission, development of the training, or monetary or in-kind support). NOT training manuals have been developed by INGOs, NGOs. NOT booklets with indicators of trafficking have been handed out to police. NOT training for immigration, border guards, or labour inspectors.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - front line police have received training on human trafficking
2.2.4 Negative NEGATIVE There is evidence that police officers have not identified victims of modern slavery 0
If yes to 2.2.1, but police officers have not identified any victims of modern slavery between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. If no to 2.2.1, indicator not met. This indicator is specifically asking if police who have received training have identified victims. Mark as “indicator met” where there has been a failure to identify victims post-training for police. If evidence suggests that victims have not been identified, but no training has occurred, please mark as “indicator not met.” If the body identifying victims is not specified as “police,” government can be used as a proxy.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - numbers of victims has increased between 2014 and 2015. Government reply to GRETA report associates this partly with training received by frontline police.
2.3.1 Training on how to identify victims of modern slavery is provided to officials with front line regulatory bodies likely to be “first responders” 1
Training covers indicators of modern slavery and how to refer individuals AND training is formal face-to-face or online modules AND training is provided to one or more of the following: border guards, immigration officials, labour inspectors AND training has been provided once since 30 June 2012. Training can be provided by INGOs with government support (support defined as permission, development of the training, or monetary or in-kind support). NOT leaflets have been distributed to labour inspectors or posters have been put up in airports on how to identify/report victims.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - border officials and labour inspectors have received human trafficking training
2.3.2 Training on how to identify victims of modern slavery is provided to non-regulatory workers likely to be “first responders” 0
Training covers indicators of modern slavery and how to refer individuals AND training is formal face-to-face or online modules AND training is provided to one or more of the following: for teachers, doctors, nurses, social workers, tourism sector workers (including private tourism operators) AND training has been provided once since 30 June 2012. Training can be provided by INGOs with government support (support defined as permission, development of the training, or monetary or in-kind support). NOT leaflets on how to identify/report victims have been distributed to tour guides or posters put up in doctors surgeries.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - Insufficient data. Not clear that social workers, teachers, nurses, doctors have received human trafficking training.
2.3.3 Training for first responders is delivered systematically and at regular intervals (as distinct from one-off, isolated) 0
If yes to 2.3.1 OR 2.3.2, training is delivered at least every two years to at least one of the members of the above groups (labour inspectors, border guards, immigration officials, doctors, nurses, teachers, social workers, tourism sector workers) since 30 June 2012 AND training has been delivered to a significant proportion of these groups. OR yes to 2.3.1 AND 2.3.2 and training is delivered at least every two years to BOTH of these groups. NOT training has been delivered to each of these groups once since 2012. If no to 2.3.1 AND 2.3.2, then indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - not clear that trainings delivered to labour inspectors and social workers have been delivered biannually
3.1.1 Victim support services are available for some suspected victims of modern slavery (men, women, and children where relevant) 1
Any kind of victim support service is available for men, women, or children AND services must be government run, or funded by government, or provided with in-kind support from the government AND services must be operational between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. NOT INGOs run a shelter without any government support. (Support defined as permission, development of the training, or monetary or in-kind support.)
Researcher NotesIndicator met- victim support services exist for men, women and children and receive funding from government.
3.1.2 Negative NEGATIVE Suspected victims are held in shelters against their will and do not have a choice about whether or not to remain in a shelter 0
If yes to 3.1.1, adult victims are unable to leave a shelter or safe house when they wish (or are unable to leave without a chaperone). Children must also be able to leave when they wish but should be accompanied by a chaperone. If evidence that victims (adults and children) are detained against their will or are unable to leave unaccompanied (adults) or with a chaperone (children), this meets the criteria of the indicator. If no to 3.1.1, not met this indicator.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - victims have a choice to leave
3.1.3 Government contributes to the operational costs of the shelters and there are no significant resource gaps 1
If yes to 3.1.1, government provides support to the shelters. Support defined as in-kind or monetary support (not just permission). NOT INGO funds and runs a shelter or safe house. If no to 3.1.1, not met indicator. If government provides some resources, but there are significant gaps not covered by INGOs or government, then please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - government provides funding for victim services
3.1.4 Physical and mental health services are provided to victims of modern slavery 1
If yes to 3.1.1, there is evidence of some physical AND mental health support for victims of modern slavery since 30 June 2012. If no to 3.1.1., not met indicator. If government provides some physical and mental health support, but there are significant gaps not covered by INGOs or government, then please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - victims have access to physical and psychological health services.
3.1.5 Negative NEGATIVE Victim support services are not available for all victims of modern slavery 0
If yes to 3.1.1 AND there have been identified modern slavery cases of men, women, children, or relevant groups such as foreign victims, forced labour victims, victims of commercial sexual exploitation, etc.) AND there are NO specific shelters or services for them. This has also occurred between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. NOT services are not available for a particular group, but no cases within that group were identified. This indicator is measuring gaps in existing services.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - services are available for all victims (men, women and children).
3.1.7 Negative NEGATIVE No victims have accessed the services or shelters 0
If yes to 3.1.1, despite availability of services, victims have not accessed them AND this has occurred between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. Examples include cases where facilities exist but victims are not being transferred to these facilities. This indicator is measuring the use of existing services.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - Victims have accessed services and shelters.
3.2.1 Services provide long-term reintegration support 1
If yes to 3.1.1, long-term reintegration is defined as evidence of financial support, provision of housing, job training and/or placement, or receipt of social welfare, or provision of education for victims of modern slavery AND there is evidence that this has been provided between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. If no to 3.1.1, indicator not met. NOT visas are available for victims – this is covered under Milestone 1, 3.2.2.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - training, medical and psychological care and housing assistance is available for victims.
3.2.2 Measures are in place to address the migration situation of victims who want to remain or be resettled 1
Visas are available so that foreign victims can receive support either in country or in a third country after a reflection period has expired AND these are available between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. Note: not dependent on 3.1.1. These visas include longer term visas AND reflection periods awarded on the basis of personal situation OR participation in a court case.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - there is a 60 day reflection period available for victims/
3.2.3 Services are child friendly 1
If yes to 3.1.1, children have specialised services, separate shelters, or are given some kind of special support (NOT including support in the criminal justice system) AND this has occurred since 30 June 2012. If no to 3.1.1, indicator not met. NOT children are placed in correctional facilities, boarding schools, or other non-specialised institutions
Researcher NotesIndicator met - child victims have child-specific services.
3.2.4 Victims are assisted to make contact with their family or contact person of choice 1
If yes to 3.1.1, victims are assisted to make contact with families by the government OR there is a family reunification program AND this is operating between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. NOT family reunification program exists but is not currently funded. NOT INGOs operate a family reunification program without government support. If no to 3.1.1, not met this indicator.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - there is a family reunification service for trafficked children.
3.3.1 Training has been carried out for all staff providing direct victim assistance services 1
If yes to 3.1.1, evidence of any training for those who provide direct victim support services. This training includes how to assist victims of modern slavery and can include do no harm principles, individualised treatment and care, comprehensive care, self-determination and participation, non-discrimination, confidentiality, and right to privacy OR direct assistance is provided by fully qualified social workers, psychologists, or doctors AND this has occurred since 30 June 2012. Training can be provided by INGOs with government support (support defined as permission, development of the training, or monetary or in-kind support). NOT training is provided by unskilled volunteers. If no to 3.1.1, not met this indicator. NOT general modern slavery training is provided to social workers. Direct victim assistance services means those services provided to workers who have regular contact with victims post-identification. It can include shelter workers, case managers, doctors, and psychologists.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - Training has been carried out for all staff providing direct assistance services
3.3.2 Direct victim assistance services have been evaluated 0
If yes to 3.1.1, evidence of formal reporting or evaluation of direct victim support services has been undertaken AND this has occurred at least once since 30 June 2012. Evaluation (internal or external) is defined as an assessment of the current services against the service objectives and incorporating client feedback. NOT a description of the program or services provided. NOT ad hoc inspections without a clear sense of follow-up activities. NOT evaluations of the national action plan – this is covered under Milestone 3, 2.1.1.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - there is evidence of evaluations, but nothing specifically related to direct victim assistance.
3.3.3 Evaluations of services have been provided to the National Referral Mechanism or coordinating referral body 0
If yes to 3.3.2, a report of these evaluations has been made to the National Referral Mechanism or coordinating referral body to inform future assistance programming AND this has occurred once since 30 June 2012.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no information found
4.1.1 The government has clear national guidelines for identifying and screening victims for all first responders 0
National general guidelines exist for identification AND screening of victims AND have been distributed to all first responders AND this has occurred since 30 June 2012. First responders are defined as: immigration, border patrol, labour inspectors, NGOs, teachers, social workers, doctors, nurses, and the tourism industry. General guidelines should exist at the national level for all responders, NOT police have their own guidelines.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - insufficient information at present. There are formal procedures, but these are for the provision of services to victims, not for their identification.
4.1.2 The guidelines make provision for a category of “presumed victims” who can be provided with services until a formal determination is made 1
If yes to 4.1.1, guidelines include provisions so victims who have not yet been assessed to be victims of modern slavery can still receive services. If no to 4.1.1, indicator not met. Examples include “presumed” categories within guidelines or “informal” assistance given to victims while determination is made.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - suspected victims can take up victim support services. It should also be noted that all victims are "suspected" until a conviction is secured.
4.1.3 The guidelines clearly set out which organisations have the authority to identify victims of modern slavery 0
If yes to 4.1.1, guidelines outline which organisations can or cannot formally identify victims of modern slavery. If no to 4.1.1, indicator not met. Examples include a list of approved agencies and NGOs that can identify and certify victims of modern slavery.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - insufficient information. No indication that NGOs are involved in victim identification process.
4.2.1 A “National Referral Mechanism” brings together government and civil society to ensure victims are being referred to services 1
There is a National Referral Mechanism for victims of modern slavery AND it includes government and non-governmental organisations AND it operated during the period between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. A National Referral Mechanism is a group of approved NGOs and government agencies that refer victims to services. NOT evidence that victims have been referred without a national system in place.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - there is a national referral mechanism and this brings together both the State and civil society.
4.2.2 There is evidence that victims are being referred to services using the National Referral Mechanism 1
There is evidence that victims are referred through the National Referral Mechanism AND this has happened once between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - evident that the NRM has been used as victims cannot access services unless they are first referred.
Milestone 2Criminal justice mechanisms function effectively to prevent modern slavery
IndicatorRating
1.1.1 Slavery Convention, 1926 1
Ratification or succession (denoted by a (d) in brackets) or accession (denoted by an (a) in brackets) of the 1926 Slavery Convention. NOT signed the 1926 Slavery Convention WITHOUT accession, succession, or ratification.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - The convention was signed on 31 August 1961
1.1.2 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery, 1956 1
Ratification, or succession (d) or accession (a) of the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery, 1956. NOT signed the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery, 1956 WITHOUT accession, succession, or ratification.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - Acceded on 18 Sep 1961
1.1.3 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 2000 1
Ratification, acceptance (A), accession (a), or succession (d) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 2000. NOT signed the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 2000, WITHOUT aatification, acceptance, accession, or succession.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - Ratified 17 Jun 2010
1.1.4 ILO Abolition of Forced Labour Convention 1957 (No. 105) 1
Status must be “In Force” for the Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105) AND “In Force” as of 30 June 2017. NOT “In Force” for the ILO Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29).
Researcher NotesIndicator met- The C105- Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 is in force as of 11 Jun 1958
1.1.5 ILO Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189) 1
Status must be “In Force” for the Domestic Workers Convention, No, 189 AND “In Force” as of 30 June 2017.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - In force as of 28 Aug 2014
1.1.6 ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) 1
Status must be “In Force” for the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (ILO 182) AND “In Force” as of 30 June 2017.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - ratified 20 Dec 1999
1.1.7 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 2000 1
Ratification, succession (d), or accession (a) of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 2000. NOT signed the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 2000 WITHOUT accession, ratification, or succession.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - Ratified 18 Nov 2002
1.1.8 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, 2000 0
Ratification, succession (d), or accession (a) of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography 2000. NOT signed the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, 2000 WITHOUT accession, ratification, or succession.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - Signed on 7 Sep 2000, not ratified
1.1.9 International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, 1990 0
Ratification, succession (d) or accession (a) of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, 1990. NOT signed or signed to succeed the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, 1990 WITHOUT accession, ratification, or succession.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - Not Ratified
1.1.10 P029 - Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 0
Status must be “In Force” for the Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 AND “In Force” as of 30 June 2017.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- The Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 is not in force.
1.2.1 Human trafficking is criminalised 1
Human trafficking is listed as a standalone article in the penal code or criminal code OR human trafficking is criminalised under a distinct piece of legislation AND within either the penal code or distinct legislation human trafficking does not require movement of individuals across international borders AND the legislation covers men, women, and children. Movement may include cross-border/transnational movement or internal movement such as movement from a rural to urban location. Definition of trafficking includes action, means, and purpose. Trafficking in persons shall require action (e.g. recruitment, transportation, transfer, or harbouring), means (e.g. by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud), and purpose (eg. exploitation).
Researcher NotesIndicator met - for both children and adults, trafficking is criminalised under the Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Act 2008. It covers men women and children, does not require movement and includes action ( transfer, harbour), means (coerced, threatened or by use of force), and purpose (child sexual exploitation is covered by section 3, all other forms of exploitation under s 2, and exploitation of adults for all forms of exploitation under s 4).
1.2.2 Slavery is criminalised 1
Slavery is criminalised as a distinct crime. The offence of slavery must include a situation in which the status or condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised. Slavery may be listed as a standalone crime in the penal or criminal code or in trafficking-specific legislation or in another act. NOT slavery is prohibited in the Constitution.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - slavery is criminalised under Criminal Law, Article 4. Under the Slave Trade Act of 1824, taking into account the amendments under the Criminal Law Act of 1997 which prescribes a penalty of imprisonment not exceeding 14 years under section 10 (note: section 9 discusses slavery "upon the high seas, or in any haven, river, creek, or place" - and given common factor of being on, or in, water, it is unlikely that the definition of "place" would extend jurisdiction to land -- therefore s 9 alone would not be sufficient to meet this indicator were it not for s 10). Furthermore, the Act dates from 1824 and is at risk of being outdated and prescriptive (as evidenced in the swarm of language in section 10) which could make it open to loopholes in the modern context.
1.2.3 Forced labour is criminalised 0
Forced labour is criminalised as a distinct crime. Forced or compulsory labour means all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself or herself voluntarily. Does not include compulsory military service, work which forms part of the normal civic obligations of the citizen, or work performed in cases of emergency (such as war, fire, famine, or flood). The offence of forced labour must include (1) work performed under the menace of any penalty AND (2) work for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily. These two components must be present in order for the indicator to have been met. Forced labour may be listed as a standalone crime in the penal or criminal code or in trafficking-specific legislation or in another act.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - forced labour is criminalised as part of the trafficking legislation and does not have its own distinct penalty.
1.2.4 Use of children in armed conflict is criminalised 0
Criminal code or standalone legislation specifically criminalises use of children in armed conflict. NOT where the age of recruitment is 18 but there is no criminalisation of the use of children in armed forces. Must cover use of children in state (national army) and non-state armed groups.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - setting the minimum age of active combat at 17 is not sufficient to fulfill this indicator. Furthermore, although not able to serve in combat abroad, it is possible they can face active combat in Ireland itself.
1.2.5 Child prostitution is criminalised 1
The penal or criminal code or trafficking legislation includes provisions that it is an offence: to sell/force a child into prostitution AND to purchase sexual acts with a child. NOT met when selling a child is criminalised AND child sex abuse is criminalised (second component must criminalise purchase of sex with a child).
Researcher NotesIndicator met - child prostitution is criminalised under s 3 of the 2008 act and purchase criminalised under s 3 of the Criminal Law
1.2.6 Forced marriage is criminalised 1
Forced marriage is criminalised as a distinct crime, in the penal or criminal code, trafficking-specific legislation, or other act NOT the legal age of marriage is set at 18. If kidnapping is required to be present for the crime of forced marriage to occur, this is indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - new bill was passed in 2017 with its own penalty (see article 35 of the Domestic Violence Bill 2017) but unclear if it is law yet
1.2.7 Negative NEGATIVE Criminal laws have disproportionate penalties 0
Penalties as laid out in legislation are cruel or inhumane OR are not sufficient enough to deter future offenders. This does NOT refer to judicial sentences, rather to the punishments outlined in legislation. Cruel and inhumane punishments include torture, deliberately degrading punishment, or punishment that is too severe – capital punishment, whipping, or other forms of physical violence. Insufficient punishments would include fines for modern slavery related crimes.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - the penalties in legislation are neither lenient (i.e. fines) or inhumane (i.e. capital punishment)
1.4.1 National laws allow victims to participate in the legal system regardless of their role as a witness 1
National laws allow victims to participate in the legal system regardless of their role as a witness. This includes: allowing victims to give evidence (without being called as a witness) OR providing information on the court processes in languages victims understand OR allowing victims to inspect and add documents to the file OR the admission of victim impact statements. NOT there is evidence or a general statement that victims participate in the criminal justice process as witnesses. Relevant national laws include criminal procedure code or criminal law (sentencing) acts.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - victims can submit victim impact statements to court under s 4 of the Criminal Procedure Act of 2010.
1.4.2 Law recognizes that victims should not be treated as criminals for conduct that occurred while under control of criminals 0
National laws recognise victims are not criminals for conduct during enslavement AND his must refer to modern slavery crimes, not general provisions in legislation. Modern slavery crimes are defined as human trafficking, forced labour, slavery, forced marriage, and children in armed conflict. NOT there is no evidence that victims have been criminalised
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- in practice, the law does not protect victims from criminalisation -- and in theory, although it defines "exploitation" as including being forced to commit an offence, it does not explicitly indemnify victims who were so forced. The Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission has claimed a "deficit" in the protection of victims of trafficking and exploitation.
1.4.3 Visas to stay in the country are not dependent on victim participation in the court process 0
Visas to remain are not tied to a victim’s participation in the court process. For example, visas are awarded to trafficking victims on the basis of humanitarian or personal reasons, not because they have agreed to participate in the court process.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - temporary residence visas are contingent on cooperation with law enforcement.
1.4.5 Negative NEGATIVE There is evidence that victims of modern slavery have been treated as criminals for conduct that occurred while under control of criminals -1
Victims have been arrested for crimes committed while under the control of the person exploiting them AND this has occurred between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. NOT foreign nationals have been deported OR detained for immigration offences (no visa, overstaying visa, etc.) - this is covered under Milestone 3, 3.2.2. Examples would be victims have been arrested on prostitution charges or arrested for drug production. If victims are arrested and released as soon as it is realised that they are victims, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - there are no legal protections for victims of trafficking who have committed crimes. Foreign victims of forced labour in cannabis production have been prosecuted and imprisoned.
2.1.1 Free legal services for victims of modern slavery are made explicit in legislation 1
Any type of free legal services or advice exists in legislation, including free legal advice and free legal representation AND these are either specific to victims of modern slavery OR victims of modern slavery can access broader legal advice, which is available for all victims of crime. NOT legal services are available, but not free. NOT free legal services are available only for citizens, not foreign victims. NOT free legal services are available for certain types of crime (such as violent crime) and modern slavery is not specified. NOT free legal services are offered by NGOs, but not made explicit in legislation. If free legal services exist in legislation AND there is no evidence they are not being used, please rate as indicator met. If free legal services exist in practice, but there is no evidence of their existence in legislation, please rate as indicator met. If free legal services are NOT in legislation and no evidence of these being used, please rate as indicator not met. If free legal services exist in legislation and there is evidence they are not used or are poorly implemented, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - Free legal aid is available.
2.1.3 Witness and victim protection mechanisms are explicit in legislation to ensure that neither witnesses nor victims are intimidated, nor interfered with INSIDE the court 1
Government operated or supported witness and victim protection mechanisms exist in legislation so that victims are not intimidated or interfered with INSIDE the court. Government operated or supported is defined as government run or funded by government or provided with in-kind support from the government. NOT applicable outside the court room (see Milestone 2, indicator 2.1.4.) Victim protection mechanisms inside the courtroom refers to provision of video testimony, victims are not cross-examined, and victims are protected from perpetrators. If witness protection mechanisms exist in legislation AND there is no evidence they are not being used, please rate as indicator met. If witness protection mechanisms exist in practice, but there is no evidence of their existence in legislation, please rate as indicator met. If witness protection mechanisms are NOT in legislation and there is no evidence of these being used, please rate as indicator not met. If witness protection mechanisms exist in legislation and there is evidence they are not used or are poorly implemented, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - witness protection exists within court
2.1.4 Witness and victim protection mechanisms are explicit in legislation to ensure that neither witnesses nor victims are intimidated nor interfered with OUTSIDE the court 1
Government operated or supported witness and victim protection mechanisms exist in legislation so that victims are not intimidated or interfered with OUTSIDE the court. Government operated or supported is defined as government run or funded by government or provided with in-kind support from the government. NOT applicable inside the court room (see Milestone 2, indicator 2.1.3.) Witness and victim protection mechanisms include an official witness protection program where individuals are provided with security, new identities, and relocation support, or protection whereby the victim's identity is not revealed to the public. If witness protection mechanisms exist in legislation AND there is no evidence they are not being used, please rate as indicator met. If witness protection mechanisms exist in practice but there is no evidence of their existence in legislation, please rate as indicator met. If witness protection mechanisms are NOT in legislation and no evidence of these being used, please rate as indicator not met. If witness protection mechanisms exist in legislation and there is evidence they are not used or are poorly implemented, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - protection outside court for victims or witnesses exists
2.1.5 The legal framework supports compensation or restitution for victims of modern slavery 1
The legal framework allows victims of modern slavery to receive compensation for damages incurred as a result of exploitation OR the legal framework allows victims of modern slavery to receive restitution for damages incurred as a result of exploitation. Compensation is when a court orders the defendant (perpetrator) to pay the claimant (victim) for his/her loss. Restitution is when a court orders the defendant (perpetrator) to give up his/her gains to the claimant (victim). When the compensation and/or restitution is available only for victims of violent crimes, please mark as indicator not met, as this may exclude some victims of modern slavery who are not subject to violent crimes. If compensation and/or restitution exists in legislation AND there is no evidence they are not being used, please rate as indicator met. If compensation and/or restitution exists in practice, but there is no evidence of their existence in legislation, please rate as indicator met. If compensation and/or restitution is NOT in legislation and no evidence of these being used, please rate as indicator not met. If compensation and/or restitution exists in legislation and there is evidence they are not used or are poorly implemented, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - Section 6 of the Criminal Justice Act 1993 allows the court to order the offender pay out compensation to victims of crimes. The Crime Victims Helpline also states that compensation may be paid out if injuries are suffered as a result of a crime.
2.1.6 Child friendly services are provided for in legislation 1
Legislation specifies that children require special services during the court case and NOT there is any evidence of child friendly services being used in court. Child friendly services include the use of screens or video testimonies, training of judges in child friendly questioning, and the use of one support person or guardian during the court process. If child friendly services exist in legislation AND there is no evidence they are not being used, please rate as indicator met. If child friendly services exist in practice but there is no evidence of their existence in legislation, please rate as indicator met. If child friendly services are NOT in legislation and there is no evidence of these being used, please rate as indicator not met. If child friendly services exist in legislation and there is evidence they are not used or are poorly implemented, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - s 16 of the Criminal Evidence Act allows for video recordings of victim statements under 14 years to be admitted as evidence so victims do not have to go to court and see their offender
3.1.1 Specialised law enforcement units exist 1
Has to be a specialised law enforcement unit or a sub-unit or team within the law enforcement structure that has specialised mandate to conduct investigations into modern slavery, OR provide specialist support for colleagues AND this unit is operating since 30 June 2012. NOT local level anti trafficking coordination bodies.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - specialised law enforcement exist.
3.1.3 Negative NEGATIVE Units do not have necessary resources to be able to operate effectively 0
If yes to 3.1.1, these units, sub-units, or teams do not have sufficient budget or operational equipment, or are understaffed. This has been an impact on their ability to function. This lack of resources must have occurred between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no information found. The funding discussed above is from the EU, not from government.
3.1.4 Units have standard operating procedures for modern slavery cases 0
If yes to 3.1.1, the unit or team has standard operating procedures (SOPs) for modern slavery cases AND must be specific to specialist units. NOT SOPs/guidelines have been produced by an INGO in the last five years (since 30 June 2012) with no evidence of use by specialist unit. SOPs include for example: clear standardised procedures for use across the unit, including how to liaise with front line officers, on how to conduct risk assessments, interview techniques (covering witnesses, child victims, and use of interpreters), definitions and indicators of modern slavery, victim-centred approaches (understanding of psychological stress and its impact on investigations), case referrals, etc. SOPs are NOT an internal memo recommending that police focus on modern slavery cases. SOPs are NOT a booklet handed out to police with indicators of modern slavery.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- Not enough information as yet. This is something to be checked through an NGO interview.
3.2.1 Training is provided to the judiciary 0
Training for the judiciary has taken place on human trafficking and related legislation, victim needs in the court room, basic international legal standards in modern slavery cases, trends in modern slavery in the country, and victim profiles AND training for judiciary has occurred once since 30 June 2012. Definition of training includes formal in-person training or an online training program as part of broader curriculum on human rights or other training programs. Training can be provided by INGOs with government support (support defined as permission, development of the training, or monetary or in-kind support). NOT training manuals have been developed by INGOs, NGOs. NOT booklets with description of modern slavery laws have been handed out to judiciary.
Researcher NotesNot enough information to make a judgement. This to be checked in NGO interview.
3.2.2 Training is provided to prosecutors 0
Training for prosecutors has taken place on human trafficking and related legislation, victim needs in the court room, basic international legal standards in modern slavery cases, trends in modern slavery in the country, and victim profiles AND training for prosecutors has occurred once since 30 June 2012. Definition of training includes formal in-person training or an online training program as part of broader curriculum on human rights or other training programs. Training can be provided by INGOs with government support (support defined as permission, development of the training, or monetary or in-kind support). NOT training manuals have been developed by INGOs, NGOs. NOT booklets with description of modern slavery laws have been handed out to prosecutors.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - Insufficient information. Guidelines for Prosecutors have been amended for dealing with trafficking cases and dedicated personnel from the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions are assigned to trafficking cases.
3.2.4 Training is systematic and recurrent (as distinct from one-off, isolated) 0
If yes to 3.2.1, 3.2.2, OR 3.2.2, training is has occurred at least once to at least one of the above groups (judiciary or prosecutors) since 30 June 2012 AND training has been delivered to a significant proportion of one or both of these groups OR yes to 3.2.1, 3.2.2, OR 3.2.3 and training has been delivered at least once to BOTH groups (judiciary and prosecutors) since 30 June 2012. NOT training has been delivered to each of these groups once since 2012. If no to 3.2.1, AND 3.2.2, then indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - evident that both judges and prosecutors have received training since September 2010. No more recent information found
3.2.5 Negative NEGATIVE Judicial punishments are NOT proportionate to severity of the crime and culpability of the offender. -1
Judicial punishments are either too lenient or too harsh for offenders AND this has occurred during the period 1 February 2016 to 30 June 2017. Examples of too lenient include giving of fines, suspended sentences, and sentences that are less than the prescribed minimum. Examples of too harsh are corporal punishment and capital punishment.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - there are no statutory sentencing guidelines in Ireland, so sentencing occurs on a case-by-case basis. Trafficking itself is rarely convicted, instead traffickers are convicted for lesser crimes which carry slightly lesser sentences.
Milestone 3Coordination occurs at the national and regional level, and governments are held to account for their response
IndicatorRating
1.1.1 National coordination body exists involving both government and NGOs 1
National coordination body on modern slavery (trafficking, slavery, forced labour, children in armed conflict) exists that includes both NGOs and government representatives AND this group met at least once between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. This body coordinates the whole of the government response to modern slavery. NOT a National Action Plan. NOT a group or body that refers victims - this is covered under Milestone 1, 4.2.1.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - the Interdepartmental High Level Group includes collaboration with NGOs and meets every four months.
1.2.1 National Action Plan exists with clear indicators and allocation of responsibilities 1
Any National Action Plan (NAP) on modern slavery, or that covers any component of modern slavery, such as trafficking, forced marriage, forced marriage, children in armed conflict AND this NAP covers part or all of the period 1 February 2016 to 30 June 2017. NOT child labour NAPs, or broader human rights NAPs, women empowerment NAPs, unless they include a specific modern slavery section. NOT regional action plans, such as the Regional Action Plan to End Child Marriage in South Asia (developed with SAARC countries).
Researcher NotesIndicator met - Second National Action Plan to to Prevent and Combat Trafficking in Human Beings was launched in October 2016.
1.3.2 Government routinely uses the National Action Plan as a framework for reporting its actions 0
If yes to 1.2.1, the government releases annual reports against the National Action Plan, including process reviews of major anti-slavery initiatives, budgets/expenditures, and implementation plans for the following year/s. If no to 1.2.1, then this indicator cannot be met.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - Second National Action Plan to Prevent and Combat Human Trafficking in Ireland only released in October 2016. It is possible this will be reviewed in the same manner as the previous National Action Plan, but this has not be stated for definite.
1.3.5 Activities in the National Action Plan are fully funded 0
If yes to 1.2.1, there is evidence that there is a budget attached to the NAP and this is fully funded. Indicator still met if the NAP is part funded by government and part funded by IOs or NGOs, but that all activities are funded. NOT the activities are costed, but it is unclear where this money is coming from OR there are reports of significant gaps in funding that are not plugged by IOs, NGOs or other agencies. If no to 1.2.1, then this indicator cannot be met.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - funds allocated to NGOs, and planned for allocation to NGOs, but unclear if the National Action Plan itself is funded.
2.1.1 Independent entity to monitor the implementation and effectiveness of National Action Plan exists 0
An independent entity is established to monitor the activities of the government in relation to its anti-modern slavery efforts. This body can be outside the NAP and does not have to focus solely on modern slavery. Independent entity can be an independent statutory body or individual or other third party that DOES NOT implement the government response to modern slavery. Examples would include a Human Rights Commission or National Rapporteur. NOT regional entities that inspect government responses, such as Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) in Europe.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - NGOs advocating for an independent national rapporteur suggest that this indicator has not been met. Second National Action Plan suggests such an appointment will be considered for the future.
3.1.1 The government is involved in a regional response 1
The government is part of a regional response. A relevant regional body includes: - A body with more than two country representatives as members of the group, and - A focus on some form of modern slavery. The government must have signed onto, or have agreed to abide by, the shared values and objectives developed by the group (i.e. a code of conduct, an MoU on proposed outcomes, etc.).
Researcher NotesIndicator met- COE, EC and OSCE have taken some steps to combat modern slavery in the last year.
3.1.3 Agreements exist between the government and countries of origin and/or destination to collaborate on modern slavery issues 1
Agreements exist between governments of countries of origin and/or destination on modern slavery issues to collaborate on modern slavery issues. NOT labour migration agreements (covered under M3 3.2.6). NOT evidence of repatriation (covered under M3 3.2.1).
Researcher NotesIndicator met- an agreement on investigating THB cases between Norway and Ireland exists. An agreement on cooperation involved in the fight of THB between Austria and Ireland exists. An agreement on cooperation in the fight against crime, including THB related cooperation between Georgia and Ireland exists.
3.2.1 The government cooperates with the government of the home country to facilitate repatriation 1
The government cooperates with home country for voluntary repatriation of foreign nationals. This could include repatriation mediated by IOM (MUST have evidence that police or government authorities refer victims to IOM) AND this has occurred since 30 June 2012. NOT evidence of deportation. Repatriation refers to the voluntary return of individuals to their home country with their consent. Deportation refers to the removal of individuals from a country without their consent.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - voluntary repatriation assistance is available for victims.
3.2.4 Negative NEGATIVE Foreign victims are detained and/or deported for immigration violations 0
Foreign victims are detained in detention facilities or deported for immigration violations. Can include instances where victims are detained for a breach of visa conditions OR instances where foreign victims are deported to countries of origin without access to assistance. This occurred between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. Note: if victims are arrested for crimes committed while enslaved, please refer to Milestone 2, 1.4.2
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - No evidence that modern slavery victims have been deported or detained for immigration violations.
3.2.6 Agreements exist between countries on labour migration, which provide protection for labour migrants 1
These agreements provide protection for labour migrants, NOT agreements regarding number of labour migrants sent/received. For countries that are part of the EU, membership is not sufficient to offer protection. Instead, please see whether national legislation has been harmonised with EU requirements under EU law. See Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) reports.
Researcher NotesIndicator met- The Charter of Fundamental Rights for the European Union covers social and labour rights for all EU migrant workers. However, Ireland has yet to tranpose Directive 2011/98/EU on common set of rights for third-country workers legally residing in a member state into national legislation
Milestone 4Risk factors, such as attitudes, social systems, and institutions that enable modern slavery are addressed
IndicatorRating
1.1.1 Government facilitates or funds non-prevalence research on modern slavery 1
Government funds or has been actively involved in research on any type of modern slavery, including responses to modern slavery, and the attitudes, social systems and institutions that place people at risk of modern slavery AND this has occurred at least once since 30 June 2012. Active involvement is defined as development of the research, participation in the research, or monetary or in-kind support. Modern slavery includes trafficking, forced labour, slavery, worst forms of child labour, forced marriage, and use of child soldiers. NOT civil society conducts research without government involvement. NOT government conducts research on child labour. NOT government conducts prevalence research.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - evidence that the government contributes financially to research on modern slavery.
1.1.2 Government facilitates or funds research on prevalence or estimation studies of modern slavery 0
The government funds or has been actively involved in prevalence or estimation studies of modern slavery. AND this has occurred at least once since 30 June 2012. Active involvement is defined as development of the research, participation in the research, or monetary or in-kind support. Modern slavery includes trafficking, forced labour, slavery, worst forms of child labour, forced marriage, and use of child soldiers. The research must provide estimations of the number of people in modern slavery. NOT civil society conducts research without government involvement.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - suggestions that research into prevalence/estimation studies of modern slavery are to be looked into, but no evidence yet that the government is actively involved in them.
1.1.3 Government interventions that aim to address modern slavery are evidence-based 0
There is evidence that government interventions or programs are based on strategies or theories of change identified by research AND this has occurred since 30 June 2012. Evidence can include a broader government strategy that incorporates modern slavery research, the National Action Plan incorporates modern slavery research or that the National Action Plan or strategy is reviewed in line with recent modern slavery research.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - data and research on modern slavery collected, but unclear whether this informs programmes and initiatives to combat modern slavery.
1.2.1 Awareness campaigns target specific known risks of modern slavery 1
Any awareness campaign implemented by the government that provides detailed information on how to avoid the risks of modern slavery AND has run at least once since 30 June 2012. Campaign can be implemented by the government with a partner NGO OR funded by the government and implemented by an NGO. These campaigns can include domestic violence, forced marriage, child marriage, the worst forms of child labour, child soldiers, and risky migration practices. NOT an awareness-raising, counter-trafficking campaign run by an international organisation. NOT promotion of the hotline - this is covered under Milestone 1, 1.1.1.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - The government has implemented awareness campaigns aimed at specific aspects of modern slavery, especially sexual exploitation.
1.3.2 The government conducts labour inspections in the informal sector to identify cases of modern slavery 1
The government funds labour inspections that are conducted with specific intent of finding modern slavery victims in the informal sector. Government funding is defined as monetary or in-kind support. Informal sector includes workers in unregulated industries such as sex work, brick kilns, agriculture, fishing, and domestic work AND these inspections have occurred since 30 June 2012. NOT private companies conduct their own inspections. NOT labour inspectors are trained on modern slavery – this is covered under Milestone 1, 2.3.1.
Researcher NotesIndicator met- labour inspections for both formal and informal sectors.
1.3.3 Affordable health care for vulnerable populations exists 1
Affordable health care includes the presence of state health care schemes, community health schemes, or financial assistance focused on providing access to health care for vulnerable groups. Health care is available for all and does not discriminate based on gender, ethnicity, religious background, or geographic region. NOT health care is available for victims of modern slavery – this is covered under Milestone 1, 3.1.4. For example, if health care is too costly, thereby excluding certain groups, or health care is too centralised, thereby excluding certain geographical regions, please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met- affordable health care exists for all in Ireland.
1.3.4 Public primary education is available for all children regardless of ethno-cultural or religious background 1
Public primary education system exists. Education is available for all children and does not discriminate based on gender, ethnicity, religious background, or geographic region. For example, if primary education is too costly, thereby excluding attendance by certain groups of children, or education is not available to certain groups (such as Roma) please rate as indicator not met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - free primary education is mandated and both males and females had a gross enrollment ratio of 104.4% from 2009-2012, and 99.7% of males are enrolled (from 2008-2013) and 99.8% of females.
1.4.1 National laws criminalise corruption in the public sector 1
Public corruption is criminalised in legislation. Public sector includes government officials, including police, immigration, and border guards. Corruption includes, at a minimum, bribery of officials. Please refer to legislation, not to instances of combating corruption.
Researcher NotesIndicator met-corruption is criminalised by Art.2, Public Bodies Corrupt Practices Act 1889, Article 1 of the Prevention of Corruption Act 1906, Art. 1 of the Prevention of Corruption Act 1916 of the as amended by Art. 2 of the Prevention of Corruption Act 2001 and Art. 2 of the Prevention of Electoral abuses Act, n. 38 (1923).
1.4.3 Negative NEGATIVE Reports of individual officials’ complicity in modern slavery cases have not been investigated 0
Any reports of individual officials’ complicity or corruption in modern slavery cases between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. Individual officials include: government officials, police, immigration officials, border guards, and labour inspectors. Excludes consular staff (covered by Milestone 4, indicator 1.7.5) MUST be related to modern slavery crimes (trafficking, forced labour, slavery, forced marriage, use of child soldiers, and worst forms of child labour). NOT evidence of general corruption of law enforcement. MUST refer to more than one report of complicity within the reporting period AND no steps have been taken to investigate these reports.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - no indications of government complicity in modern slavery cases.
1.5.1 Birth registration systems exist 1
The government funds or supports birth registration systems that cover the entire population. Can include systems which are implemented or funded by INGOs, but with government support. Government support is defined as development of the birth registration system, participation in the system, or monetary or in-kind support. Covering the entire population refers to the percentage of people who are registered. Indicator is not met if less than 95 percent of the population is registered, OR specific groups are missing. See UNICEF statistics and supplement with additional research on missing vulnerable populations. Vulnerable populations can include ethnic, cultural, or religious groups whose members do not have equal access to birth registration.
Researcher NotesIndicator met- birth registration is available for 100% of the population.
1.5.2 Systems are in place to allow asylum seekers to seek protection 1
There are policies and procedures in place that enable asylum seekers to access basic support and protection within a country’s borders. Services may be provided by IOs/NGOs with government support. Government support is defined as development of the asylum seeker system, participation in the system, or monetary or in-kind support. NOT asylum seekers are detained without access to services. NOT asylum seekers are deported without their claims being assessed. NOT asylum seekers claims are assessed outside of the country where they sought asylum.
Researcher NotesIndicator met-Ireland provides protection for refugees. However, asylum seekers and refugees are unable to work which is in direct violation of the Common European Asylum System
1.6.3 Laws or policies state that private recruitment fees are paid by the employer, not the employee 0
Government legislation or policies state that recruitment fees payable to recruitment agencies are not charged to the employee (i.e. are paid by the employer, not employee). Please check Labour Code or Employment Act for this information
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - insufficient evidence.
1.6.5 Labour laws extend to everyone, including migrant workers, domestic workers, and those in the fishing and construction sectors. 1
The legal definition of an employee includes all vulnerable workers, such as domestic workers, migrant workers, construction workers, maritime workers, etc. If the jurisdiction does not have a generic definition of an employee or a labour code, the information can come from NGOs, related legislation, or reports. NOT domestic workers are not explicitly mentioned in legislation. NOT labour protections do not cover fishermen in territorial waters. This indicator does not extend to army, judiciary and civil service – if these are NOT included, and all other groups are included, this is still indicator met.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - according to field sources, the labour code applies to all workers particularly following the Employment Permits (Amendment) Act 2014. However, unclear how the courts would interpret "all reasonable steps to rectify immigration status"
1.6.7 Negative NEGATIVE Patterns of abuse of labour migrants are institutionalised, or systematic and unchecked -1
Abuse of migrant workers is institutionalised, or systematic and not addressed. Institutionalised means that these practices are part of government policy, or that these patterns of abuse are systematic, and the government is taking little if any action to address this. Patterns of abuse includes multiple instances of the following: high recruitment fees, or high interest rates on fees making it impossible to pay them back, or withheld passports is a common occurrence by the majority of employers, or most workers have restrictions placed on their movement by their employers AND this occurred between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. NOT instances of these abuses are reported, but the government is taking action against these.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - there is are reports that passports have been withheld, wages are withheld, and employees have had their movement restricted.
1.6.9 Negative NEGATIVE There are laws or policies that prevent or make it difficult for workers to leave abusive employers without risk of loss of visa and deportation 0
Any current specific government policy or law that leads to loss of visa or deportation of migrant workers (or specific groups of migrant workers, such as domestic workers) for leaving abusive employers AND current defined as operating between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017. NOT there is evidence of victims being deported for breach of visa conditions, but this does not occur as a direct result of government policy – this is covered under Milestone 3, indicator 3.2.4.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - insufficient data.
1.7.1 Government provides training on modern slavery for its consular staff 1
Government provides training for its embassy or consular staff before departure for a posting or during a posting AND this has occurred once since 1 February 2012. Definition of training includes formal in-person training or part of an online training program as part of broader curriculum on human rights or other training programs. Training can be provided by INGOs with government support (support defined as permission, development of the training, or monetary or in-kind support). NOT training manuals have been developed by INGOs, NGOs. NOT booklets with indicators of trafficking have been handed out to embassy staff.
Researcher NotesIndicator met - Noted that Consular staff receive training alongside diplomats.
1.7.2 Government provides identification documents and support travel arrangements for citizen return 0
Any citizen found to be exploited overseas can obtain documents from their own country or be facilitated with travel back to their country by their own government. These documents are normally given by a citizen’s embassies or consulates AND this has occurred at least once since 30 June 2012. This information can be found in modern slavery legislation, or on Ministry/Department of Foreign Affairs websites.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - minimal information found. Emergency travel documents can be supplied if passport lost or stolen, but transport back to home nation cannot be booked or paid for by consulate or embassy.
1.7.5 Negative NEGATIVE Diplomatic staff are not investigated for alleged complicity in modern slavery cases or abuse of victims 0
Diplomatic/embassy staff are complicit in the exploitation of nationals or abuse those who seek assistance at the embassy and no investigations have taken place AND this has occurred between 1 February 2016 and 30 June 2017.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met - information pertaining to diplomats of foreign nations working in Ireland, but no data referencing Irish diplomatic or embassy staff being complicit in abuse of their own Irish nationals.
1.8.1 Negative NEGATIVE State-sanctioned forced labour exists 0
Any form of state-sanctioned labour, where the government forced the whole population, or segments of it, to work under threat of penalty, and for which work people have not offered themselves voluntarily. Excludes compulsory military service, work which forms part of normal civil obligations of the citizen, or work performed in cases of emergency (such as war, fire, famine or flood).
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no evidence of state imposed forced labour found
Milestone 5Government and business stop sourcing goods and services produced by forced labour
IndicatorRating
1.1.1 Guidelines exist for public procurement officials 0
The government has drafted guidelines or an internal memo for public procurement officials that outline standards and/or operating procedures to prevent the purchase of public goods or services that involve modern slavery. These can be general guidelines on human rights that include sub-sections on modern slavery.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no information found on public procurement guidelines specifically related to modern slavery or labour rights
1.1.2 Public procurement policies and systems exist to minimise the risk of governments purchasing products tainted by forced labour 1
The government drafts and implements public procurement policies and standards that explicitly prohibit engaging businesses suspected of using forced labour or purchasing products that were made using forced labour. These policies can include inserting clauses in public contracts prohibiting the use of forced labour, directing that purchasing decisions not be made on price alone, outlining steps to be taken should a contractor be found to use forced labour, or requiring government contractors over a certain value to maintain compliance plans.
Researcher NotesIndicator met- Ireland has transposed EU Directive 2014/24/EU as of 3rd June 2016
1.1.3 Annual reports on government action to prevent use of forced labour in public procurement are produced and publicly available 0
The government releases reports on activities taken to prevent use of forced labour in public procurement AND this has to have occurred since 30 June 2012. OR if the policy has been adopted since 1 February 2015, it is enough that reporting is stipulated as part of regulating compliance. The report can be on human rights but include a sub-section on modern slavery.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no evidence that annual reports on government action to prevent use of forced labour in public procurement have been produced
1.1.4 The government has provided training to public procurement officials on modern slavery 0
The government has provided training to procurement officials on what is modern slavery, how it is relevant to their role, and on existing government policies and their implementation. This training is provided face-to-face, or through online training modules, and has occurred at least once since 30 June 2012.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no evidence that government has provided training to public procurement officials on modern slavery
1.1.5 There is evidence that the government has taken remedial action where forced labour has been discovered 0
There is evidence that the government has worked with contractors that have been identified as having issues with use of forced labour to implement corrective action plans OR where the use of forced labour is prevalent and the contractor is unwilling to work with the government, there is evidence that the government has cancelled the contract AND this has occurred since 30 June 2012.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no evidence that any remediation has taken place
2.1.1 Laws or policies require businesses to report on their actions to implement risk minimisation policies 1
Legislation or policies require business to report on their actions to minimise risk of forced labour in their supply chain (e.g. the UK Modern Slavery Act requires businesses earning more than GBP36 million annually to report on their actions to combat modern slavery).
Researcher NotesIndicator met- Ireland has transposed the EU Directive 2014/95/EU into domestic legislation.
2.1.2 Governments have identified high-risk sectors and have taken action to work with these sectors to eradicate modern slavery 0
The government has collaborated with businesses to identify high-risk sectors and set up national sector-specific initiatives that support businesses to tackle modern slavery. These initiatives can be broader initiatives that cover sustainability, health and safety, etc., but must include some elements of tackling modern slavery. For example, the sustainable textile partnership in Germany.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no evidence the government has identified high risk sectors and taken action to work with these sectors to eradicate modern slavery
2.1.3 Laws or policies allow governments to create a public list of businesses that have been found to tolerate slavery in their supply chains 0
The government has worked with businesses and NGOs to create a public list of businesses that have been found to tolerate forced labour in their supply chains AND/OR these businesses are prevented from accessing public funds. For example, the “dirty list” in Brazil.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no evidence of laws or policies that allow the government to create a public list of businesses who have been found to tolerate slavery in their supply chains
2.1.4 Governments implement a responsible investment reporting requirement for investment funds and banks headquartered in their country to ensure that investment does not support modern slavery 0
Investment funds and banks headquartered in the country MUST report on modern slavery risk in investments AND reporting must occur at least every two years. If policy is in place, there MUST be evidence that this has occurred since 30 June 2012 OR if the policy has just been adopted, it is enough that reporting is stipulated as part of regulating compliance. NOTE: There must be explicit mention of modern slavery NOT investment funds or banks have corporate social responsibility policies that require them to report on human rights UNLESS modern slavery forms part of this reporting.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no evidence of the government implementing a responsible investment reporting requirement for investment funds and banks found
2.1.5 Laws or policies prevent the import of goods and services made with forced labour 0
The government has prohibited the import of goods and services made with forced labour. For example, the US Tariff Act.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no evidence of laws or policies preventing the import of goods or services produced with forced labour
2.1.6 Laws are in place that make it a criminal offence for company directors or companies who fail to prevent modern slavery and fail to undertake reasonable due diligence in first tier supply chain. 0
Directors can be charged and prosecuted for slavery in first tier supply chains where it can be shown that due diligence has not occurred. This indicator measures the existence of this provision in legislation.
Researcher NotesIndicator not met- no evidence of criminal offence for company directors whose companies have been found to use forced labour in their direct supply chains

Alongside country level data on modern slavery, the 2018 Global Slavery Index includes studies on specific countries. This year, we've focused on the top 12 global economies, providing information on the types of modern slavery and vulnerability factors affecting each of these countries, as well as the actions of the government. Each country study includes data on the greatest value imports at risk of being produced through forced labour as well as information on the statements being produced under the UK Modern Slavery Act. The studies conclude with a series of policy recommendations.